La cohérence cardiaque

la science

 

Les études cliniques

La pratique du biofeedback de cohérence cardiaque rencontre aujourd’hui un grand succès auprès d’un large public de professionnels. D’abord appliquée dans la prévention des maladies cardio-vasculaires, elle est de plus en plus utilisée dans les programmes de gestion du stress et de l’anxiété ainsi que dans la régulation de la réponse émotionnelle.

Le principe du biofeedback de cohérence cardiaque est basé sur l’hypothèse que la stimulation du tonus vagal, se traduisant par l’augmentation de la variabilité de la fréquence cardiaque, peut vous permettre, par un entraînement régulier, d’améliorer l’état de santé ou les performances.

En renforçant l’adaptabilité du système physiologique d’autorégulation, en particulier face aux sollicitations stressantes de la vie quotidienne, le biofeedback de cohérence cardiaque va en assurer une plus grande flexibilité pour lutter contre les pathologies somatiques et psychologiques et va permettre à l’organisme de maintenir un meilleur équilibre cardio-respiratoire et cérébral.

Plusieurs équipes dans le monde ont récemment mené des travaux cliniques sur l’intérêt de renforcer le tonus vagal par l’entraînement au biofeedback de cohérence cardiaque. La bibliographie scientifique nous démontre largement tous les bénéfices comme vous le constaterez en déployant les onglets ci-dessous.

  •    Pathologies
  •    Psychopathologies
  •   Douleur
  •   Performance
  •   Santé globale
  •   Processus
   Pathologies

Troubles cardiaques et cohérence cardiaque

2002

Luskin et al

A Controlled Pilot Study of Stress Management Training of Elderly Patients With Congestive Heart Failure

2004

Del Pozo et al

Biofeedback treatment increases heart rate variability in patients with known coronary artery disease

Kranitz, Lehrer

Biofeedback Applications in the Treatment of Cardiovascular Diseases

2005

Nolan et al

Heart rate variability biofeedback as a behavioral neurocardiac intervention to enhance vagal heart rate control

2008

Moravec

Biofeedback therapy in cardiovascular disease: Rationale and research overview

Nolan et al

Effects of drug, biobehavioral and exercise therapies on heart rate variability in coronary artery disease: a systematic review

2009

Swanson et al

The Effect of Biofeedback on Function in Patients with Heart Failure

2011

Cowan et al

Psychosocial therapy reduced the risk of cardiovascular death at 2 years after “out of hospital” sudden cardiac arrest

Moravec, McKee

Biofeedback in the treatment of heart disease

2012

Xhyheri et al

Heart Rate Variability Today

2013

Gevirtz

The Nerve of That Disease: The Vagus Nerve and Cardiac Rehabilitation

McKee, Moravec

Biofeedback in the treatment of heart failure

2018

Yu et al

One-Year Cardiovascular Prognosis of the Randomized, Controlled, Short-Term Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback Among Patient with Coronary Artery Disease

Troubles respiratoires et cohérence cardiaque

2000

Lehrer, Smetankin, Potapova

Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia Biofeedback Therapy for Asthma: A Report of 20 Unmedicated Pediatric Cases Using the Smetankin Method

2004

Giardino, Chan, Borson

Combined Heart Rate Variability and Pulse Oximetry Biofeedback for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Preliminary Findings

Lehrer, Vaschillo et al

Biofeedback Treatment for Asthma

2006

Lehrer, Vaschillo et al

Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback: Effects of Age on Heart Rate Variability, Baroreflex Gain, and Asthma

2013

Hurs, Purdom, Hogan

Use of Paced Respiration to Alleviate Intractable Hiccups (Singultus): A Case Report

2018

Lehrer et al

Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback Does Not Substitute for Asthma Steroid Controller Medication

2019

Taghizadeha, Eslaminejadb, Raoufya

Protective effect of heart rate variability biofeedback on stress-induced lung function impairment in asthma

Hypertension et cohérence cardiaque

2001

Schein et al

Treating hypertension with a device that slows and regularises breathing: a randomised, double-blind controlled study

2003

Viskoper et al

Nonpharmacologic Treatment of Resistant Hypertensives By Device-Guided Slow Breathing Exercises

2004

Elliott et al

Graded Blood Pressure Reduction in Hypertensive Outpatients Associated With Use of a Device to Assist With Slow Breathing

2007

Tsai et al

Blood Pressure Biofeedback Exerts Intermediate-Term Effects on Blood Pressure and Pressure Reactivity in Individuals with Mild Hypertension: A Randomized Controlled Study

2010

Nolan et al

Behavioral Neurocardiac Training in Hypertension A Randomized, Controlled Trial

2011

Palomba et al

Behavioral Neurocardiac Training in Hypertension A Randomized, Controlled Trial Neurocardiac Training in Hypertension A Randomized, Controlled Trial

2012

Lin et al

Behavioral Neurocardiac Training in Hypertension : A Randomized, Controlled Trial

2013

Poskotinova et al

The Success of Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback Parameters in Persons with Different Levels of Blood Pressure

Lésions cérébrales et cohérence cardiaque

2012

Lagos, Thompson, Vaschillo

A Preliminary Study: Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback for Treatment of Postconcussion Syndrome

2014

Conder,Conder

Heart rate variability interventions for concussion and rehabilitation

2015

Francis et al

Reduced heart rate variability in chronic severe taumatic brain injury : association with impair emotional and social functioning, and potential for treatment using biofeedback

2019

Li et al

Heart Rate Variability (HRV) Biofeedback After Stroke Improves Self-regulation of Autonomic Nervous System During Cognitive Stress

2020

Chang et al

Effects of Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback in Patients With Acute Ischemic Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Cancers et cohérence cardiaque

2019

Cardiovagal regulation and transcutaneous pO2 in breast cancer patients – a pilot study

2020

Burch et al

Symptom Management Among Cancer Survivors: Randomized Pilot Intervention Trial of Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback

Makvand-Hosseini, Nazemi, Hoseini

Biofeedback-Assisted Relaxation Therapy on Women with Breast Cancer after Mastectomy: Effects of EMG-HRV Biofeedback on Psychological Symptoms

Adapted physical activity and cardiac coherence in hematologic patients (APACCHE): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial

Autres pathologies

2011

Slutsker, Konichezky, Gothelf

Breaking the cycle: Cognitive behavioral therapy and biofeedback training in a case of cyclic vomiting syndrome

2019

Stanton et al

Heart rate variability biofeedback increases sexual arousal among women with female sexual arousal disorder: Results from a randomized-controlled trial

   Psychopathologies

Stress, anxiété et cohérence cardiaque

2008

Reiner

Integrating a Portable Biofeedback Device into Clinical Practice for Patients with Anxiety Disorders: Results of a Pilot Study

2009

Sherlin et al

Effects of Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia Biofeedback Versus Passive Biofeedback Control

McCraty et al

New Hope for Correctional Officers: An Innovative Programfor Reducing Stress and Health Risks

2010

Bradely et al

Emotion Self-Regulation, Psychophysiological Coherence,and Test Anxiety: Results from an Experiment Using Electrophysiological Measures

Sherlin et al

Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia Feedback in a Stressed Population Exposed to a Brief Stressor Demonstrated by Quantitative EEG and sLORETA

2011

Knox et al

EGame-based biofeedback for paediatric anxiety and depression

Tarrant et al

The Effects of Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback on College Student Anxiety, Stress and Coping:A Preliminary Examination

2012

Ratanasiripong et al

Biofeedback Intervention for Stress and Anxiety among Nursing Students: A Randomized Controlled Trial

2013

Cullins et al

An Exploratory Analysis of the Utility of Adding Cardiorespiratory Biofeedback in the Standard Care of Pregnancy-Induced Hypertensionion

Prinsloo et al

The Effect of a Single Session of Short Duration Heart RateVariability Biofeedback on EEG: A Pilot Study

2014

Kudo, Shinohara, Hideya

Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback Intervention for Reduction of Psychological Stress During the Early Postpartum Period

Siepmann et al

The Effects of Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback in Patients with Preterm Labour

2015

Lee, Kim, Wachholtz

The benefit of heart rate variability biofeedback and relaxation training in reducing trait anxiety

Zauszniewski, Musil, Variath

Biofeedback in Grandmothers Raising Grandchildren: Correlations Between Subjective and Objective Measures

2017

Goessl, Curtiss., Hofmann

The effect of heart rate variability biofeedback training on stress and anxiety: a meta-analysis

2018

McAusland, Hotchkiss

Biofeedback to Treat Anxiety in Young People at Clinical High Risk for Developing Psychosis

Narita, Shinohara, Kodama

Resting Heart Rate Variability and the Effects of Biofeedback Intervention in Women with Low-Risk Pregnancy and Prenatal Childbirth Fear

2019

Van der Zwan et al

The Effect of Heart Rate Variability Biofeedback Training on Mental Health of Pregnant and Non-Pregnant Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial

De Witte, Buyck, Van Daele1

Combining Biofeedback with Stress Management Interventions: A Systematic Review of Physiological and Psychological Effects

2020

Wang, Li, Wu

Effects of medical biofeedback trainings on acute stress by hybridizing heart rate variability and brain imaging

Dépression et cohérence cardiaque

2007

Karavidas, Lehrer, Vaschillo et al

Preliminary Results of an Open Label Study of Heart RateVariability Biofeedback for the Treatment of Major Depression

2008